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Language Cards: March Edition

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For this month’s language section, we’re bringing you some interesting phrases as always, along with the concept of counters and how to use them. Take a look below to find out more.

 

Topic: Sentence Word Order

Subject + Object + Verb

Example:

나 사과 먹었어. na-sagwa-meogeosseo = I ate an apple.

  • 나: na – I
  • 사과: sagwa – apple
  • 먹었어: meogeosseo – past tense of the verb eat

Concept: Counters (Measure words)

In Korean, different counters are used depending on certain noun groups. For example, one would not use the same counter when counting animals and humans. When counting dogs one would say 두마리 or du-mari where 두 means two and 마리 is the counter used to count animals. On the other hand, when counting people one would say 두명 or du-myeong where 명 is the counter used to count people. Listed below are some common counters used in Korean.

명 – myeong = people

마리 – mari = animals

개 – gae = items, objects

대 – dae = machines, cars

장 – jang = sheets of paper

권 – kwon = books

Interesting Phrase: 썸

For one to be in a 썸 or “something” in Korea, it means that one is in a flirtatious relationship with another person. Technically, both are not in a relationship yet but have romantic feelings and are at the stage where both might go back and forth in a sort of “tug of war”. It is the phase before both explicitly reveal their feelings to one another. This phrase is commonly used in Korean dramas to express this sort of relationship.

Example:

나 지금 썸 타고 있어. Na-jigeum-sseom-tago-isseo = I am in “something” with someone now.

  • 나: na – I
  • 지금: jigeum – now
  • 썸: sseom – “something”
  • 타고: tago – verb used with 썸 to say you are in “something” with someone
  • 있어: isseo – am/have

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Beginner

1.나 버스 탔어. na-beoseu-tasseo = I am riding the bus.

  • 나: na – I
  • 버스: beoseu – bus
  • 탔어: tasseo – past tense of ride 타

2. 나 김밥 두개 샀어. na-kimbap-dugae-sasseo = I bought two kimbaps.

  • 나: na – I
  • 김밥: kimbap – A Korean dish called kimbap.
  • 두개: dugae – two items/objects
  • 샀어: sasseo – past tense of buy 사

3. 종이 한장만 줘.  jongi-hanjangman-jwo = Just give me one piece of paper.

  • 종이: jongi – paper
  • 한장: hanjang – one piece of paper
  • -만: -man – just/only
  • 줘: jwo – give me

Post-Beginner

1.나 지금 버스 타고 있어. na-jigeum-beoseu-tago-isseo = I am riding the bus right now.

  • 나: na – I
  • 지금: jigeum – now
  • 버스: beoseu – bus
  • 타고: tago – riding
  • 있어: isseo – am

2. 나 김밥 두개 사려고. na-kimbap-dugae-saryeogo-hae = I am planning on buying two kimbaps.

  • 나: na – I
  • 김밥: kimbap – A Korean dish called kimbap.
  • 두개: dugae – two items/objects
  • 사려고: saryeogo – planning to buy

3. 종이 한장만 줄수 있어? jongi-hanjangman-julsu-isseo = Can you give me just one piece of paper?

  • 종이: jongi – paper
  • 한장: hanjang – one piece of paper
  • -만: -man – just/only
  • 줄수 있어?: julsu-isseo – can you give me?

Intermediate

1. 나 지금 버스 타고 가고 있어. na-beoseu-tago-inneunde = I am going now by bus.

  • 나: na – I
  • 지금: jigeum – now
  • 버스: beoseu – bus
  • 타고: tago – riding
  • 가고: gago – going
  • 있어: isseo – am

2.나 야채김밥 두개랑 고기김밥 하나 줘. na-yachaekimbap-dugaerang-gogikimbap-hana-jwo = Give me two vegetable kimbaps and one meat kimbap.

  • 나: na – I
  • 야채김밥: yachaekimbap – vegetable kimbap.
  • 두개랑: dugaerang – two items/objects and…
  • 고기김밥: gogikimbap – meat kimbap.
  • 하나: hana – one
  • 줘: jwo – give me

3. 나 종이 한장만 필요해. na-jongi-hanjangman-piryohae = I just need one piece of paper.

  • 나: na – I
  • 종이: jongi – paper
  • 한장: hanjang – one piece of paper
  • -만: -man – just/only
  • 필요해: piryohae – I need

Featured Image Source: Language Guide, 27-02-19, inspiremekorea.com

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